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Top Causes of AC Compressor Damage in Fairhope

May 30, 2023 | Air Conditioning

Air conditioning systems are great, but they do not come without problems. As the unit ages, it shows signs of wear and tear that will eventually lead to a replacement. In this blog, we will discuss one of the biggest problems an AC can have, which results in its replacement: compressor damage. Read on to learn from the top AC service in Fairhope about how this component works in air conditioning units and how it is damaged. 

What is the Role of the AC Compressor?

Many air conditioning experts refer to the compressor as the “heart” of the AC unit. Without it, the AC will simply not function, and you will find yourself chronically uncomfortable at home. The compressor performs five of the following functions in your air conditioning unit: 

Circulating Refrigerant

One of the most vital roles of the compressor is to circulate refrigerant. Refrigerant is a chemical fluid that makes the conditioning of air possible. It is what cools off the absorbed air flowing through the unit, allowing the home to achieve optimal temperatures. The compressor pushes this fluid to the condenser coil, which is processed and converted into a gas. 

Heat Exchange

When the refrigerant gas is compressed, its temperature rises which allow it to release the absorbed heat from the house into the outside air. This heat exchange process allows the refrigerant to change from a gas to a high-pressure liquid state.

Refrigerant Flow

With the help of the compressor, the refrigerant fluid is pressurized to a special level which allows it to flow smoothly through the system. Thanks to the compressor, the refrigerant can circulate appropriately through the following components of the AC: 

  • Evaporator coil
  • Compressor
  • Condenser coil
  • Expansion valve

Many AC services in Fairhope revolve around troubleshooting and maintaining proper refrigerant flow, which is vital to the cooling process. 

Cooling Effect 

Once the refrigerant fluid is pressurized enough, it can flow smoothly to the expansion valve, where it expands in volume and drops in temperature. After it has cooled, the refrigerant fluid flows through the evaporator coil and absorbs the heat from the home.

System Performance

The compressor is responsible for controlling the operation of the entire unit. If it is working inefficiently, the entire system will suffer. Poor compressor performance leads to the following problems: 

  • Inconsistent heating and cooling
  • High energy bills
  • Failure to start
  • Hot air blowing through the vents when the thermostat is set to cool

If you notice any of these issues within your home, it is imperative that you contact your AC service tech in Fairhope for a diagnosis and repair of the problem. 

AC Compressors are Damaged By

The compressor is key to the process of the air conditioning system. This process is hindered when the compressor is damaged under the following circumstances: 

Poor Maintenance Practices

One of the most common mistakes homeowners make is neglecting to maintain their air conditioning unit. This neglect is evident when they choose to delay AC repairs. Even the smallest of issues can grow into a bigger problem that will wear out the compressor, causing long-term, expensive damage. The best way to avoid this problem is to call your AC repair tech when you notice any issues and keep up with regular maintenance services at least once a year. 

Old Age

The age of the unit isn’t anybody’s fault. After all, nobody can stop the time from going on. However, it is important to pay attention to the age of your unit and be mindful of its lifespan, which is about 15-20 years. The compressor gets worn out with age and loses its efficiency, and will eventually fail to work correctly. 

Electrical Problems

Electrical issues cause the compressor to wear out faster than necessary. These issues include power surges, short circuits, and other electrical failures.  These problems lead to poor efficiency, failure to start, and motor overload. 

Overuse or Overheating 

Running the AC system for extended periods, especially during hot summer months, can cause the compressor to overheat, leading to damage. We recommend giving your AC a break at least every 8-10 hours and running it within no more than a 7-degree difference. 

Refrigerant Leaks

Because refrigerant fluid and AC compressors work so closely with one another, any disturbance in the levels of refrigerant fluid will impact the AC’s performance. Low refrigerant levels will cause the compressor to work harder than necessary, causing it to go into overdrive and eventually fail. 

Top AC Service in Fairhope

Are you suspecting compressor damage within your AC unit? If so, contact Hansen Super Techs for a prompt and professional repair by calling (251) 227-4441.